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Billings Gazette (Newspaper) - October 2, 1943, Billings, Montana For Victory Buy War and Stamps For Victory r luy War and Stamp 153 ASSOCIATED PRESS BILLINGS MONTANA SATURDAY MORNING OCTOBER 2 1943 UNITED PRESS PRICE FIVE CENTS Allied Bombers Sink Three Japanese Ships Australian Troops Tighten Noose Around Finschhafen Allied Headquarters in the South Pacific Oct Japanese ships a destroyer and tw merchantmen were sunk by allie bombers in Bougainville strait i the northern Solomons Genera MacArthur announced early Satur day Bougainville strait is in the are through which the wer reported evacuating their hard pressed garrison from Kolom to the New Georgia group MacArthur's morning also announced that 90 Japanes were killed in an to escap from Vella Lavella which American troops occupied shortly after th capture of Munda airfield on Ner Georgia The desperate Japanese in an at tempt to supply their forces at Veils Lavella have turned to airplane which are dropping supplies there Vella Lavella lies between Kolom and Bougainville Meanwhile Australian fightin men tightened their noose of men and guns around the village o on the northeast coas of New Guinea The communique said the Austral ians are pressing in from three points which would place their near est forces less than half a mile from the townsite Sharp fighting broke out Australians and in th Markham valley approximately 6 miles from Madang another strong point on the northeast New Guinea coast The communique reported 45 anese were killed in fighting the advance of our forces in the direction of Madang The Political Scene By David Lawrence Washington Oct em- phasis on the drafting of fathers has beclouded the real issue before congress which is how to utilize available manpower how to nate of and how to transform the selective ice system into an efficient under the direction of civilians and not military men The suggestion has been made that the nation needs a service law to control the jobs and employment generally But the sage of such a law would be a grave mistake unless the present selective service system were first overhauled and proper administrative measures Introduced to it efficiency The selective service system was created by congress not just to find manpower for the army but to make sure that civilian production on the home front was not impaired Today production schedules are not being met and America's future in the air war depends on maintenance of engineering employes essential to aircraft development One estimate made is that if the draft is not rearranged to allow for proper selection as much as 40 per cent of the engineering staffs of certain important aircraft comr panics will be taken from their very essential work The cry that drafting of fathers Was necessary to persuade persons not engaged In essential work to get work in essential industries is related to only a small segment of the problem The real issue is how to maintain in industry certain employes needed to keep up and improve upon America's ing schedules Senator Byrd charges that power is being hoarded by the itself There are many agencies of government which like industry should not be deprived of valuable and irreplaceable workers but the Virginia senator says an in- of the personnel of the federal government has convinced Continued on Page 2 Column 3 The Weather BILLINGS AREA FORECAST Warmer LOCAL Data for 24 hours ending at p m yesterday furnished by United States weather bureau station at municipal Maximum Minimum Precipitation not when less than 10 of an Sunrise today at a m Sunset at p m GENERAL Max Max Mia Cheyenne 65 York 69 57 Chicago 76 Platte 71 51 Nine Killed When Plane From Great Falls Base Crashes Near Big Sandy Great Falls Oct relations officers at the Great Palls army air base said Friday night a heavy bomber attached to the base crashed near Big Sandy shortly before noon The crash killed the crew of nine men the officers said Names of crew members will not be released until next of kin arc notified Harriman Named To Moscow Job Railroad Financier Chosen as Envoy Washington Oct dent Roosevelt Friday nominated W Averell Harriman multimillionaire railroad magnate and friend of viet Premier Joseph Stalin and Prime Minister Winston Churchill to be ambassador to Russia He succeeds outspoken Admiral William H Standley in a not unex diplomatic shakeup comes as American Russian and British foreign ministers are prepar W AVERELL HARRIMAN ng for political and military discussions Senate approval of the ion seemed certain Harriman has had no diplomatic as such but as head of a special presidential mission to and lend-lease expediter in London he has served as an Im- link between Mr Roosevelt nd Stalin and Churchill He has layed a vital role in speeding the low of American war materials to Russia and Britain has conferred everal times with Stalin in ow and is extremely popular with he Soviet premier He had been mentioned for the post since Standley returned rom Moscow 10 days ago and was resent on the occasion when Continued on Page 2 Column 6 Announces Loss U S S Skill Sunk In Salerno Gulf Washington Oct Loss of le mine layer U S S Skill in the ulf of Salerno was reported by le navy department Friday The little vessel went down as the of an underwater explosion on 25 Next of kin of all casualties have en notified navy said The mine skipper mant Commander Edward Julius evern whose wife lives in Soviets Advance In North Nazis Gain Confidence Germans Indicate Hope of Holding Line Along Dnieper By JAMES M LONG London Oct troops battered through German defenses in White Russia to reach the ya river 29 miles from Mogilev cow announced early Saturday while the Germans claimed a major de- fense victory in the south after a bitter five-day battle Fall rains were drenching White Russian battlefield as the Russians rolled through 460 more towns and hamlets killed over Germans and won the town of in a new crossing of the river In a number of sectors the sians reached the which branches off from the river east of Mogilev said the Moscow i midnight bulletin recorded by the Soviet monitor This marked an advance of 30 miles from captured Krichev and 1 miles beyond The Germans retreated with losses abandoning guns and trucks the Russians said Other drives in white the last Soviet republic before Senate Subcommittee Completes Postwar Foreign Policy Draft Washington Oct ing with unexpected speed bers of a senate foreign relations subcommittee Friday night com- the preliminary draft of a postwar foreign policy tion described as more specific in its than the Fulbright resolution While the text of the rough draft is being kept secret until committee members can study it further it was said authoritatively to call for American participation in an international organization of nations to prevent future sion It was described as a mise between the Fulbright posal and the resolution offered by Senators Ball Republican Minnesota Burton Republican Ohio Hill Democrat Alabama and Hatch Democrat New ico Vitebsk aimed at Gomel and the Gomel fighting German fortified defense lines with blockhouses and pillboxes stalled off capture of the city Soviet sault groups broke through some of the defended areas however killing a thousand Germans and seizing food and ammunition stores The Russians were reported within miles of the city several days ago The Germans hurled nn barrage and several counterattacks against the advancing Russians in the Vitebsk area but the Soviet troops kept attacking and in a de- termined smash took a defended height the Russians said The communique for the second Continued on Page 2 Column 8 Group 7 Bond Quota Exceeded Total Expected To Hit The quota assigned group 7 comprising 10 counties was surpassed by a margin of Friday Chairman B M Harris of Columbus announced Sales processed through the eral Reserve bank at Helena totaled or 101.63 per cent of STATE SUCCESS SEEN Helena Oct was declared to be over the top of Its third war loan drive Friday night in a statement issued by Chairman A T of the state war finance tee Wilh the official figure standing at more than we can safely announce that Montana has achieved its Hibbard said Several sacks of mall all full of war bond sub- have not been opened as yet he said but obviously resent more than the needed Attorney Here Since 1906 Dies J Henry Nibbe Succumbs at 60 J Henry Nibbe 60 long-time lings attorney died of a lingering heart ailment at his home North Twentieth street at about p m Friday Mr Nibbe came to Billings in 1906 and shortly thereafter opened law offices in the building He later had offices in the ties building During the last sev- eral years he had been inactive professionally He prominent in civic fairs was past president of the Bar association past ex- ruler of Billings lodge No 394 B P O E and also past district deputy of the organization He had extensive land holdings near Nibbe and Pillar Shortly after coming to Billings Mr Nibbe was active in athletics aiding in organizing and playing on one of the city's first independent football teams which compiled an outstanding record through at least two seasons Mr Nibbe was born at Minn Jan 9 1883 He was a son of Mr and Mrs John H Nibbe He married Ruth Elizabeth here on Sept 20 1910 Selvage Shortly after being graduated from Valparaiso university Ind and obtaining his degree he came to Montana After residing In Butte for n short time he came to Billings near the end of 1906 Surviving are the widow two daughters Miss Elizabeth Nibbe of Los Angeles and Miss Florence Nibbe of the family home two brothers John Nibbe Chippewa Palls and Fred Nibbe of Minneapolis two sisters Mrs John Rehder Red Wing Minn and Miss Florence Nibbe of he same city Reich Is Attacked From North Africa Swiss Report Downing Fortress Allied Headquarters In North At- ica Oct 1 American Quads Welcome Big Brother Beulah Mildred Martina nnd John field Ky quadruplets welcome their big brother Private First Charles in Louisville when he arrived on furlough Speaker Urges Water Action Former Colorado Governor Is Visitor United action by western stales vith especial emphasis oil water lo prevent possible federal advocated by Ralph C Carr former Colorado rnor at n Billings Commercial club meeting Friday discussed what he mid were holh to land and water He singled out thc possibility f regional authorities such ns Ihc Tennessee valley authority saying he had real reason lo four proposals of that nature He urged that western stales heir differences about division or walers In streams which flow one by compacts Instead of ng lo law suits The speaker traced origin of the governing water ics In the west He said that these had been established by decision and by Their basis he said Is Illon that he who first diverts and puts It lo use has prior Hie of that water Three years said Ihc Arkansas valley authority Hi was Introduced In congress II lo scl up a com- appointed by the executive o Ihc river valley In lie six stales through which U flows t hns been established that this 111 drafted by two clerks In ic Memphis office of Ihc Interests of residents of southern tales affected were made paramount proposed Arkansas river sure Hie speaker said Us Sweden Halts Fuel Transit From Abroad To Any Other Country Stockholm Oct den halted Friday the transit of fuel oil over its railway system from to nny other try the office Germany the country mainly will now be obliged to back on the sea route her troops In Norway nnd ern Finland supplied he goal Funds in transit from agencies in the counties to Helena are expected to swell the overrun to Harris said Five counties have exceeded quotas to federal reserve figures nd three others Big Horn Park over nnd time Friday it was an Friday night Big American Flying Fortresses crossed the Alps In bad weather and flew over the Munich region of southern In a round-trip raid of approximately miles the longest yet flown from north Africa Heavy clouds obscured l ultimately would secure control over Senators Offer New Draft Plan Wheeler Appeals For His Measure Washington Oct of- beginning of Hie prewar draft nnd with it still another senate proposal to slow the for family banning deferments for under 30 Tills the of n if sub for the Wheeler to hand off the thers draft offered by Senators Revercomb Republican West and Robertson Republican Wyoming The two senators pre- sented their plan ns n revision of proposed by Republican Senator Wheeler tana still fought for his which would forbid drafting of prewar thers until 1 pending a more lasting embargo ing family heads A vote put over until next week He told senate that r r la lor me thc would leave It lo history lo Qf the determine whether I am right even Including Making a last appeal Wheeler nd Stillwater are reported thc or thc over the top by committee fighters were and care said of Fifth Army Pursues Germans Retreating North From Naples 10 Allied Ships Lost as U-Boats Resume Warfare Torpedo Believed Used By Nazi Attackers An Eastern Canadian Port Oct 1 submarines possibly using a new type of torpedo sank 10 allied ships with a heavy loss of life In a savage attack beginning September 19 on two convoys in the north BRAZILIAN SHU'S SUNK Sept ian passenger was Torpedoed twice tiff point yesterday by u German submarine and sank within four minutes Commander Antonio re- ported today lie made nn attempt to bench the ship the flighted and hut the sub- marine Ike and crew when they took o lifeboats Atlantic survivors dny reported Survivors expressing belief he enemy using n new lypo of torpedo pointed lo rous single had on losl vessels three of which were warships Olio broke In half ind sunk within n another lo the bottom In four Prime Minister Winston Churchill In the British house of commons September 21 Hint the Joined at lhal lime nnd the prime minister also said enemy apparently has equipped h submarines new weapons n novel character He warned llin only by utmost diligence could U be overcome One of Iho warships sunk wi Jio Canadian destroyer St formerly the U S 8 McCook and a French coi volte also were tuink Another escorting warship of un type believed to Inn leen sunk If Its sinking Is con firmed the loll will rise to 11 ship The 81 one of Ihc etc exchange by the Unite Stales for air nnd naval base on British territory sunk b torpedo with the loss of nil In me of her complement of 147 Among the missing wan Surgeon William Mac King of Bedford N B of Prime Minister W f Mackenzie King At leant one destroyed the survivors sale II In the beam Continued on Page 2 Column 7 Tax Drops According to State Senator Dan ood Ohio was listed as missing In I Maddox chairman J was mailed Friday The Skill had an over-all length to Helena from Hardin banks nnd 221 feet and carried a crew of 65 and 70 men She ally went into action on November 1942 and was one of the newest the mine laying vessels which post office and from Wyola's bank Carbon county's breakdown listed j lered At the same time American Liberators attacked a factory al Wiener 25 miles wesl of Vienna where are manufactured for Carr said that thc proposed delayed a few ago for valley agency did not military committee hearings on the Interests of Irrigation in argument that Democratic lenders Colorado and the western part of I wanted In gel the facts Kansas and Hint after protests Administration lenders continued areas were from ILs scope j conferences meanwhile with Senator Every river basin In the Democrat North Carolina Stales Is a possible Held for nn agreement on a who such regional j measure to steer Figures for 1943 tne mine laying vessels which shows Red minta K l a was so are equipped for mine sweeping g down by Swiss Ihc speaker from thc federal pay roll This month Carr said suits of Into thc armed forces long standing between Colorado I Senator support Wyoming and Nebraska regarding his proposal which would require division of waters of thc North the selective service director's Platte river and between Colorado of all occupational clufer- and Kansas covering the for under irm i announced Friday river will come before the United i after January 1 except or thc night that a Flying Fortress was Stales supreme court for final plan lo forbid Continued on Page 2 Column 5 s Cltr 69 New Orleans 83 62 Pueblo Loull 76 62 Vital Statistics BIRTHS Mrs H O Broadview Mrs Charles Shepherd Mrs John Park Cltr Bor Mrs Harold Zimmerman 829 Custer nue MARRIAGE LICENSES John William Career Portland Ore ana Maude M Ratledge 43 Lacomb Ore i John Edward Kennedy 35 Billings and Dorothy Elizabeth Wallace DIVORCE ASKED Barbara L Brown E Brown DIVORCE GRANTED Ira Johnson from Richard Standings in Yellowstone Campaign Sales in Yellowstone county reported at the close of Friday showed a margin of beyond deferments daily tht two when American and German lhal lhc government re the same for ers engaged In a battle over eastern i through the department of Justice I drafting on n national rattier than Switzerland A German Intervened In thc former basis an Investigation Into said five Flying Fortresses were a claim to ownership of possibility f lowering army physical down over the western part of the i Involved Carr said he feared the to utilize some so results in a court whose men ami a drafting procedure were I to assigned goal of A special air communique Issued j Continued on Page 2 Column 7 Continued on Page 2 Column Although six rural districts have Surpassed quotas allied headquarters Friday night rural area as a whole is short Of its total goal of Sales made up to close of business Saturday will count toward completion of the assignment In the table below are shown rural communities and cities their goals amounts of actual cash sales and of goals attained did not mention any losses It said enemy fighters also encountered on the Austrian raid and thai clouds In this region also House Committee Will Vote Tuesday On Proposed Increases in Benefits Communities Broadview Acton Duck Creek Blue Creek Laurel rural Huntley Project Custer East Billings Shepherd West Billings Rural total Cities Laurel Billings Cities total County total Goal Goal Actual Cash Sales Actual Cash Sales the bombing resulte Percentage 153.70 126.30 108.90 107.10 102.50 100.10 94.90 83.90 84 45.20 86.50 Percentage 117.70 114.40 114.70 Gunfire and Explosions Indicate Air or Naval Attack on French Coast London Oct allies attacked French channel coastal area early Saturday either with planes or warships coastal reports said Southeast coast residents said Washington Oct h e house military committee concluded hearings Friday on proposals to in- crease government allowances to dependents It will vote Tuesday on revisions plaints bog down ihc In present payments administrator of army dependency benefits told committee the army would prefer not to pass on a woman's misconduct because the time spent In Investigating com- machinery necessary for does not want to become a court of domestic relations Representative Short Republican asserted that Immoral they saw almost continuous are marrying soldiers they As the hearings wound up making the payments erable committee sentiment was j Most men have an Inherent faith for culling off their he commented Bui wives although the back home know of a has protested strenuously that put In from Ihc French coast In the vicinity of Boulogne and heard the rumble of explosions The came while the man radio was saying that Field Marshal General Karl Rudolf Gerd von had pust completed an inspection of the channel defenses nearest to Britain and had decided on extensions of Installations S p a r k m a n Democrat Louisiana So replied Ihc general It Is nol the function of military ices or government agencies to de- hardly know to gel the dependency I that Many men are and declared congress j ing their wives are wayward when should give some to fact He said there were 50 or 60 such cases In his home free to run around while drawing from a boy hardly know Brigadier General H N Gilbert as a matter of fact they are not Thc house committee's hearings were on a which would set to a dependents at for a wife for Ihc first child and for each child The present figures arc and A drop ol more than h non- tht Yellowstone county tax re Hilling from the decrease in tax from Janl year wan Friday by T A Cothron county assessor Thc county tax Ml for 1043 Is as compared with the total of This Is the first year thai sessor has spread taxes on the lax roll Heretofore it has been the lilty ot county clerk Change of the duty to the assessors was made by the lax roll Is now In the hands ol J Berry treasurer who wll mall collect Ihc and distribution to various funds nnd agencies The lo be col- In Ihc two ments Includes assessments and payments on special Improvement districts In Billings Laurel and Broadview Cothron said In thc breakdown of the 1043 tal lax hill or 5.22 pel cent goes to state The county's share Is or 21.71 per cent of thc total to be as General funds poor special poor bridge fair farm bureau Insect pest weed control Thc counly lax levy was reduced from 18.5 mills in 1942 to 16 mills while Ihc levy for the slale was 4 mills the same as lasl year The total school fund llon Is or 38.09 per cenl of the total the general school fund receiving the high school and the school districts Thc general school tax levy was 6.2 mills In 1943 as compared with 6.4 in and thc high school fund levy 10.2 n 1943 In comparison with 11.9 In 1842 Billings school levy Is 14 mills Ihls year contrasted 16 last year and Ihc Laurel on Page 2 Column Rehabilitation Work Starts at Once In Ruined Port City Allied Headquarters Algiers Oct and blasted Naples fell Friday to triumphant allied Fifth army troops who swept into Italy's second port on the twenty-second day of a bloody advance from lerno and without stopping set out In pursuit of German troops re- treating north of the city under constant aerial Long columns of German trucks artillery and tanks were reported streaming northward along the two roads to Rome the next goal of allied arms Military quarters be- thc Germans would not be able to turn and fight before they reached the Volturno river 30 miles above Naples The Berlin radio Friday night belatedly acknowledged the fall of Naples asserting that German troops hart destroyed nil Important war depots and port installations before evacuating Thc first and most difficult phase of the allied Invasion of continental Europe was crowned with success shortly niter dawn when British tanks rumbled Into the city from the outskirts after driving the last rear guards Into the hills to the north With not a live German ing nil of the vast sprawling city of a normal population of more than twice as large as any town captured In this was swiftly occupied Engineers and cleanup squads rolled in behind the first wave of tanks to begin the herculean task of clearing streets tearing down tottering walls and rebuilding the port so it can be used ns a springboard to Rome Although bombs and man blasting squads had wrecked every ship and leveled every lation in the harbor It was believed that by working dny nnd night the port could be put In shape to handle ships eight days While thc British picked their way Continued on Page 2 Column 2 Promises lo Free Rome Damage to City Depends on Nazis Washington Oct dent Roosevelt promised Friday that arms will liberate Rome and he Vatican nnd will do everything to prevent destruction of shrines nnd historic ments With Naples In he told n news conference British and American forces arc going to con- fine advance marching north o free the Italian capital the can and the pope Attributing something of the of n holy war to their Ions Mr Roosevelt said there are certain elements of a crusade in out the In another report on the Italian Friday an official who is n close touch with It said that the Illes probably will recognize the government of Marshal and King Victor Emmanuel and n campaign to rally Italians against the fascist re- of Mussolini While American soldiers are re- to dislike the idea of em- Italians as allies this lal said the Badoglio government as played ball to an amazing and that with American British nnd Russian approval rnl Dwight D already conducting negotiations to make n cobelligerent Two members of the senate ary committee endorsed the idea Senator Hill Democrat Louisiana We want every man gun nd plane on our side that we can ct Senator Gurney Republican Dakota commented I'm in of taking anybody we can get o help us President Roosevelt told the con- that It Is difficult to say here the Germans will make their ext stand in Italy He said he Continued on Page 2 Column 5 Groups Ask Ban On Consumer Subsidies Washington Oct ed farm groups called upon con- ress Friday lo write a ban against on's legislation extending the fe of the commodity credit cor- They look their position In before the house banking and thereby served ce of a new and bitter fight be- the year's end similar to over the same Issue between and President Roosevelt irlier this year Their plea apparently had strong acking within the committee Steagall Democrat ama lute In the day registered s support of int they wanted Increased thcr than subsidies became of tht of the Utter IT
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