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American Freeman (Newspaper) - August 18, 1847, Prairieville, Wisconsin VOL: 3 DEVOTED TO TEMPERANCE MECHANIC ARTS GENERAL INTELLIGENCE WAUKESHA WISCONSIN WEDNESDAY AUGUST 18 1847 NO 41 AMERICAN FREEMAN 1 OLIN OO OFFICE IN BLACK BLOCK T E R M S Two per year if paid in advance or within otherwise in nJ fur every three month's ill- lay will be All and sent mint be POST i- A in ed Uo THE ORIGIN AND EARLY RESS OF The of progress now reached in establishing College demands the public of the spirit which originated and the steps which have hren taken in advancing this The first promptings of this came nol from tbe of the of one precinct to magnify the of their own rising village nor from tin of speculators seeking to enhance the of lands and fill their pockets money nor from the sectarian religious to their i in id to the exclusion iif all others Tbe suggestion came wo I believe from the spit it of God lo iho i of Christ's men ho had i no local city or Village lo nor an lo be mvi sted in town j lots ami whose love and aspirations we aro for the spread of i gospel and Ibf glory of Ihan for elevation of sect or parly moving spring of this was the solemn convictions on the of Godly atul laymen that the of in of a state to lo the of in order to the general education of there bo suine minds most by the and lead in tiie of and science to be their teachers and guides all lhal and the are elements lo a shoit good alike of Slate aivi tions in which shall their in one influence to cultivate the powers of the muni in the highest for Ih noblest w as a tion ibat in in n institution of learning the religions ment lit i il 1 i's tl ut b- the anil management ol who mainly in on th groat principles uf anil duty Al same time however it was fell in h an in of as opposed to spiritual lan p n should that one faith one worship be vi order to cure anv the j right of he and all made welcome to its privileges and allowed in the fiee enj of those modes of worship which they judge must Bjreeablf to the of God minds began to take a view of thu of region of by tbe God of nature wilh all that to a country great and to contemplate of HIO to il developing its tind wielding its power tin necessity of laying the of a Collegiate haf bien deeply fell Plans for stalling such an taking had of posed and considered since no HUMUS to the prosecution of them with success they wetu Al length how ever 1 door was opened through which it that iho lends of tins might go forth to labor with hope At a Convention of and anil Church from nil ide North West held at Cleveland in Iho m mlh of June IS exposition given of the design and of an association formed in the Eastern for the of Collegiate logical education at lliu This of partial aid for I of a College period of its loeble infancy in Ibis new region Il served as n stimulus to the of those interested in cause of education over this ing field They met and consumed er whether tins was not the ment had wailed for and holder the time had not now come for making some attempt to reach tho desired object These resulted in the ing of a Convention of friends of i lian education from Northern Illinois j Wisconsin and iowa to meet at on the Clh of August of same year That I Convention was composed of n large her of and layman from the and Congregational churches in the region and members entered upon the consideration of the subject them with the serious of men felt that they were deliberating upon tin ephemeral interest but upon movements that laid hold strongly upon the weal or woe of future They felt i need of divine guidance and nnd for- i did they nsk it in prayer Tbe principal results of heir deliberations are embodied in the following resolutions which were adopted unanimously 1 Retained That ought to be immediately taken for the of Collegiate Institution for Iowa 2 That the exigencies of Northern and Wisconsin require that be a College Female Se of tbe est order located in this region and lhal we recommend that one should be in ern Illinois contiguous lo Wisconsin nnd the cither lo ern Illinois that a committee of ten be appointed to procure requisite tion with reference to the locution and re- port lo a subsequent convention Through all thu deliberations of this convention it was distinctively held up as the prominent design of tho colleges con- to supply the deficiency of qualified ministers and common school teachers in this section of country After adjournment of this first con- vention the proceedings were published ils action was pretty freely canvassed by the The second convention which met Oct brought er a large representation from all parts of the country in the Tin appointed by the previous convention in their named Beloit as the place the college and brought it a liberal proposition which the of vilUge had as a pledge of their interest in a college located among them On the gth of responsible tions to give an eligible site of not loss than acres of land within one mile of the village and lo erect a College under the tion of a constituted Board of un expense not exceeding seven dollars Ol to consider this report then found lo be much difference of opinion as lo the ot to unite two ot country divided by u 1 State line in a work of kind Willi a view to moie entire harmony th final determination of matter was to another con- Mi hile liy appointment j of committees to visit the in region and lay before be facts in tho case measures were lo have and bv Hind i met on of May 181 j larger than either o those which preceded it mill was p foi an uf subject After much elation the resolution of tion on the union ol Illinois and Wisconsin for establishing a College Seminary was by u of 03 to I liberal proposition tbe ol was accepted arid Be- Kill uas fixed upon as tiie seat of the This selection was made not only regard tin position of that village Hi low at Is the but on of healthful of religious good degree established insurance thai would be in thu of an inti community capable of ing import ineo mid its wants anil sustain its inter- at bv their care and benign Committees weie appointed to lu Trustees to upon the location of the Col- The on the charter was another convention in six months fur the final ol The and last Coin al th call of on day of October After nature deliberation a lor was adopted and the following pei uns appointed in ils provisions The Missis A Kent D Clary S Piet C J D A I R M Pearson anil 1 W I A d C W Potter L G Fish er W b Samuel business pertaining to i red to this also for final notion the location and for a Seminary After a time for the first meeting of the of the Convention ej And hns closed Iho general i v steps so deliberately and taken lot the founding of t The of Ti osiers held their first on tin ot October at j Ii I ami under u deep of their to es and tlh community undertook the dis- charge of high Tbe Rev A Kent chosen President nnd the Rev Claiy of the Board pro torn j At the of the Legislature of in thi u inter following the Board were duly under a charter tbe same as that adopted by the Convention The of arc now promptly meeting their p edges The original is to be out wilh single exception that ten acres in the village have been accepted hy the in ence to fifty in ils vicinity The of one Kastern friend has i conferred upon the college n donation of ICO i acres of land in Milwaukee county and that of another a by iho of lands in Indiana and Wisconsin whose value is estimated al j In view of favors of I in our progress thus far we are ready to write on the foundation stone we lay day Hitherto hath the Lord helped us With faith inspired by the post ence in connection wilh the firm promises of we address ourselves to before us with confident hope that He who has Ihus led us by ways that we knew not will perfect the work He has permitted us lo begin and make it redound to His glory the good of men C MISCELLANY A REMARKABLE DOG There died of late in the city of New Albany a most remarkable female Jog named Goldsmith would have found qualities for his pen in this an- imal highly prized and subject would have been handed down to unborn At an early age attained an able distinction in horsemanship never omitting an opportunity to ride out wilh her master and be in the saddle She guided a horse with reins faithfully and intelligently as it man often was the of the people aroused by dog mounted in saddle silling erect a bridle rein over her head and ing the horse into different streets with her fore Her master sickened anil died and Venus mourned for him Ions ter all others had forgotten him Each night did lie visit his grave for years ways between and dark was the faithful moaning al limes sobbing like a human creature al side of her master's grave Hundreds i visited this burial spot tu witness her de- volion and the superstitious nwe of the I sexton who believed the Lord was in it fora he thought wailing came from a ghost By means the wearng of her master was trans- ferred to a neighbor's regained the garments and all safely home where they remained During the sickness of her master Venus never lefi his bedside only for a moment to satisfy the calls of hunger but like a faithful watched every move and listened to every word It was a general remark that this animal knew her master I must die before his time came Her j affection for other members of faintly were not so strong Of her exploits besides horse riding j one in particular is mentioned j it was n daring talented j ante She jumped from thu second slory window of the dwelling house alighting i on back and killing a laige rat that in hopeful security had ventured out from the j cellar uid thereby attracted her tion Venus hail an of her own in well arranged bed She kept good bouts and rose at the of ilay Neatness was a prominent of her For jonis she it undisturbed keeping it neat and tidy as the most fastidious housewife This was visited by many people in the absence of canine lo ness ils tidiness and if lo discover thn means she used to keep the room cobwebs There stood her neat bed in the centre room and spread as us in the house Of couise no one ever dis- turbed il- But we nre sorry lo say that Ibis good hearted and talented dog was a miser and thief arid in these particulars she showed more in any others She died at the age of 25 years having been for three and comparatively helpless during which time she received every attention Venus was detected in thieving by two fishermen who had laid their jackets on the river bank while they pursued their calling The dog rummaged their pocket book containing money and papers and this circumstance led lo her detection It was known lo her master's family and all neighbors that she had the keenest for silver piece dropped on floor taken up by her and was caught at the instant and fire applied lo her nose she was off and the silvei never more seen All supposed she had lost it but the sequel will show ently The citizens knowing her thirst for sliver gave her small pieces with of regaining them again bui thai was seldom accomplished After her fair vi ilh the fisherman which she was traced was examined and in the lick of her bed was found her store of es All the silver that she had found in the streets nnd all that had been ly given her and all she hud stolen from hundreds of places was there hoarded The sum of her riches was not able It was known that this dog could be to on errands to drive hogs and from any place hy offer of silver and such bargains were often made She once stole a man's tin cup while in the field at work and was making it nil his entreaties to regain il were un- j availing until he offered her a picayune when it was immediately given up and the money taken away These and many oilier incidents ore related to us on best authority and are entitled to full credit curious nnd i cal may think of this we know not j Its truth cannot be nati Commercial India are and well disciplined but its facts do not indicate that India is well Jt ip asserted that sons why India not supply England with Cotton are the distance the want of carriage and expense the want of carts and tbe want if a great artery like n are to send their Cotton to a distance a fat idiotic looking man of about twenty-one of age find would weigh about two hundred He has considerable physical power but knows so linle how to apply it thai he never done a day's work in his fife he can not without and difficulty cut his own meat at meals He is an idiot showing ly a spark of intellect except in his strange untaught incomprehensible power of metical and here nature seems lo have tried a mode of tion by raising him as far above the nary mind in this in every er respect he falls below it Ho lias told the product of any two bers under 100 as 66 times 97 the solid contents of his room from supposed data extracted the square and cube rool of any numbers where they could be found out decimals all far more rapidly than most expert cipherer could do by his slate Tne limit to his powers of calculation seems lo be only in his inability to com- prehend the language in which many tions must be proposed We believe he is a native of Kentucky DIGNITY OF THE not the child of the beggar qualities as noble anil as much appreciated by his associates as the sous of does riot his death awaken regrets and sorrows as keen and abiding and as lacerating to strings of his relatives as when the rich man's son God in his doings hns been guilty such favoritism or ing as the aristocratic would cribe to him He has implanted as noble qualities of soul affections as tender and sorrows as touching in poor as the rich in low as lofty you seek out ces uf rock-based affections of pure love of warm friendships or witness ings from deep fountains and row look into habitations of the poor and the low born There amid the de- privations of poverty will be found dences of thoughts more generous impulses and tender sensibilities than in mansions nf rich and the Knickerbocker Measure riveted by of and patented on the of June last was exhibited to us a few clays since and we were impressed with its advantages and convenience in being applied for measuring the same in houses and There is a small at the yard's end wilh a single hand that marks by n every yard that is measured saving the memory of the measurer to count The hand tells each yard that has been ured to the amount of 30 and dial can be enlarged to measure any When a piece lias been folded another spring is touched and the dial hand moves back lo the cipher and so on The machinery is very simple and neat the lace of a It can be put up on a counter or on the end of a where hooks are used as in warehouses This instrument avoids the mistakes of memory in ing cloth created by confusion or Scientific American a letter from Hiram Wilson just received we find the ing 1 am happy to announce arrival of twenty or more com the Prison house of Slavery who have passed safely through Freedom's great western Gate in- to Canada the last three days Both human and canine bloodhounds nre baying on their track but to no pose except to go buck as confused and disappointed fools Is not this an occasion of gratitude and thanksgiving to God and is He not verifying promise Pbr the oppression of the poor for the sighing of the needy now will 1 arise saith the Lord 1 wilt set him m safety from him that at him H W Ocean Penny are happy to observe some indications of a popular in favor of this great for fusing the notions into one ful brotherhood Wo hope all the tiers who can wield pen will frail the in their respective localities with articles on the subject CV Cliitrn THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN Times gives us some useful facts concerning India The British or British and East India Company's armies in India numbered on the 1st of January 1847 considerably above men nud the yearly amount of military charges for thi'ir support if stated to exceed a year or more than half the whole public revenue The public dept of India which is over and above the British national dept is four hundred millions of dollars of which has been incurred within the last ten years The gross an- public income of India is estimated at Before the war the British armies in India numbered 477 exclusive of about troops from regiments There are thousands of European officers nnd their appointments is a source of effective age to men in power in England In a few years men have been added to the East India company's army being about as many as the whole British milli- tary forces upheld elsewhere Seven hundred British officers been ed to regi menu since The Bombay last fee farces is TUB GRAND address a- at large public meeting held in Knoxville Tenn to nominate Gen lor for the Presidency contains the ing We beg leave to offer one other con- sideration of transcendent Gen Taylor should be elected wilh the unanimity we expect he may be enabled to dispel al least for the present and haps forever lhal dark cloud impending over the safety and integrity of the Union arising from an improper agitation anil con- of extreme opinions in the North and South in regard to the domestic tions Slavery of the latter Everybody knows how the South would have that cloud dispelled The safely Hie security the prosperity of Slavery is tiie only thing lhal will satisfy them Gen Taylor is their and they do not ple to say rial They can not Write was re- cently stated in Parliament that 070.000 persons bad left the United Kingdom America during the last len years Last year alone sought a home in that distant land AH these emigrants left and in this country with whom they would gladly correspond were it not for the heavy Postage Now if England would establish an Ocean Penny Postage the Irish in America would ably send home moire hy e v ery m cr than Bow received from America from all ie a 0 ECCLESIASTICAL from the of CONGREGATIONALISM Passing events indicate that he polity if this denomination which claims lo be il e freest in the world must come under the common discussion and the charge of upholding a The theory of Congregationalism is as we un- it thai every local church is in itself with full power without the assistance or assent of others lo fect ils organization and cany on its tions thai il can invite install nnd dismiss its officers and thai the officers are equally free lo accept continue and resign ing to own pleasure and that member is equally free to choose his own field of responsible to the only for a deportment be- coming a Christian the of such labors as he voluntarily engages to undertake The compulsion which requires a man to submit to control of others especially which com- pels a accept keep listen to anil support a pastor whom they do not prove or compels a pastor to settle with or remain with a parish when he thinks he should be more useful or more happy here the theory of Congregationalism ejects The Pilgrims thought lhat liberty involved not only the right think and speak bat tbe light to choose teachers nnd leaders in worship They did not understand how a congregation could worship according to dictates of their conscience when obliged to listen to instructions which they deemed heretical or to worship in any way which contra- their conscience Notwithstanding thoroughly radical of pendency it lus been custom of Con lo call councils at and dismission of ministers and on other occasions wilh the dec- however thai these councils were only advisory in their decisions and their public performances only suitable nies and not of any necessity or obligation Il was on such grounds thai polity of Congregationalism years ngo and peculiar ces courts of Massachusetts M whom their parishes had resolved no longer to employ continued to j services and then brought suits for their salaries The Supreme Court j State declared that It was a curtain to ministers by councils and as the contract was us to lime n minister who had been settled by n council could not be otherwise dismissed for by custom this had become a law hen a minister hail been dismissed by his parish and had declared lhal he would not consent to a mutual council and the ish hart thereupon called an cil which lhal be ought to be and was dismissed the court held he I was not it was not demanded ol him at the time thai he should in the council Tbe society then called another council 113 court had ordered ing of minister to in it he refused and thai Council determined as the other had done and dismissed the ister for Bui still the court held lhal he was nol dismissed some of the same men were on second council that wore on the first and this I dered its proceedings null and void foi i that a man could nol lie a w ho had already made up and declared his mind We state these points from recollection but they are substantially correct Thus courts of Massachusetts while they all interference wilh tical affairs and refused to inquire wether i n minister hail his contract by preaching exactly opposite doctrine from j that which he was employed to preach did really overthrow the whole of congregational liberty nnd establish liml councils which might or might not be possible lo be obtained as ecclesiastic tri- bunals holding the parishes and pastors in absolute Under these legal ions have been despoiled of their estates by ministers who refused to go away though after being told their services were not wanted would not be tolerated as these legal doctrines have been it is lo correct the mischief for the of ing a pastor is nol a lime when il is able lo talk of or make provision for the i dissolution of connection i crises have lately in which the doings of councils in ruling the liberty j of pastors or or both have ed unusual attention many months ago one of ches in Boston invited Mr Reid of bury Ct to become their pastor and he accepted the invitation but ation which was the council in the case nnd claimed authority refused their assent Not very long ago a parish in the same neighborhood desired wilh entire to a minister as pastor who had accepted invitation but the consociation refused their assent and as tbe consociation claimed final diction in tbe case the wish of both and people was at nought Out of the jurisdiction of new councils would have been called until one i was found which would perform tomary services of an installation j Just now a similar result wilh that first j named has happened before a mutual cil called in Ilia matter of presented by the Church of Pilgrims tj Mr Storrs of Brookline near Boston Mr Storrs as Mr ReiJ had done ed his clear conviction that duty required him but the cil in this case also refused Il is understood that the ministers were in vor of dismissing Mr and men against it In both cases the men are compelled to remain and labor contrary to their of duty Such forced relations can hardly ed to last long or be quite happy while they continue if a minister or parish haw aught to doce they may well ask advice and abide by it but it is a new among that councils shall compel 01 courts compel or anything compel continuance of pastoral relations when either putty is distinctly desirous of their termination nnd the modern proceedings do indeed the whole Congregational plan of free tion must bring up the question whether i new practice ought not lo be adopted which councils shall he dispensed with Certainly we should think the spirit of liberty mint considerably tamed if such absoluteness of councils long endured Of the Church of America The having been appointed by the Convention ol Cincinnati a Com- miltu to prepare u setting forth our reasons for withdraw ing our connection from all Slaveholding and bodies beg leave ill behalf ul heir brethren lo following la the candid examination of Christian community and of the world 1 When ui the coarse of events it has become for a portion of any ecclesiastical organization in dissolve the connection they have held with their brethren inspect for the opinions uf as well us n sense of j duty to themselves lu their brethren lo the world and above all to Almighty Cod lhal they should declare the canso thai have impelled them to the separation Our reasons therefore we submit as I Thti Hopelessness of Reformation 1 It is a well known fact lhal the Chinch m Stales i of America has ever to the great grief of i many ol her ers to her communion and n this way has ever declined by her practice tint holding is consistent acter and profession This has done more to sustain and make il table than mere civil legislation could do and therefore involved chinch in the blood and sin of lliu slaveholding system j existing in ibis country i 2 Against that practice of the church we aid many who have gone us and have since ceased from j bors have into rest petitions and remonstrances lo since it came into existence up to the present lime of were laid on table without action on them lest the Church should be divided by any attempt to her the sin of holding And when an Assembly did act ii condemned the crime pined anil led tbo and gave bun a good standing in the church 3 In the providence of God fin of which and in her communion for the suite ol peace and numbers the means uf church into two The four Synods excluded by the Assembly weie bolh New School and An- the OKI School and Slaveholding united vious lo the excluding Pi Hodge uf of the Old School parly in thu Repository Ills famous against Abolitionists During bly preceding the one that excluded four Synods this article was nnd disli amung of tbe Assembly liy this the w ns on Ibe Old side Hence New School parly was almost abolished in tin Slave Slates while it is believed it had a ity in the fiee Stales Mr who had been considered n New man was found at the head nf the Old School party in the nnd Di on his tlu j sembly led 11 excuse for bis vote lhal by culling oil lie four t h oy ex- cluded ill tht Abolitionists the interest was tile HUMUS by which the Old parly weie to the four Synods anil I church and Ibal winch was f ir the sake of peace mid numbers j in his judgment permitted In lenil boily i of tbe ch and force out of her ball mem bets I 4 Immediately after the division Iho I bad no interest in the Slave States anil the first Assembly j in tbe on the gave at length the of a j of PI staling w hal had done in Ann anil we had j from tiie Assembly implied I lion of action of the It was confidently the few in body could j be out of it thai the would be liberated from il e blood ami by tins hope many anti-slavery not only gave firm lo body but yave best lo j sustain and H against the ol its enemies Hut before tbe meeting ol i the second Assembly n plan was i in and Philadelphia to from it entirely the subject This plan although vigorously did nut succeed The subject was bJt the Assembly could be induced lo fay that fin The subject w as referred lo the low er coui is wilh injunction to use such as they deemed besl calculated lo remove evil But inlo the on the stale of religion which might expected lo reach most of the churches not one ence respecting slavery was to enter Strong were made lo get Assembly lo say in narration cause of the has nal been but in it was rejected by a vote The old determination of tolerating slaveholding in communion of Un- church had gained strength since for- mer Assembly and now displayed in strong and determined action The of Ripley took the resolution of the re- ferring the subject of to lower courts and resolved not to fellowship chinch in the under their care not lo admit si lo theif pulpits nor lo communion This action the next sembly considered similar to the exciiHliujt ncl of Old School nnd asked bylery to its This wjn nothing shoil of Ihp Iq admit to the pulpit tha communion Assembly now to tjie interest by And the reef plion of every such Synod in an indirect on the of iho sembly lhal shall be admitted lo communion Can it be expected tbe Assembly after Synods means to exclude The such Synods is the est evidence lhal il is tiie settled policy of the lo slavery in com m union The Mr sni liy lasl Assembly gives that inch is established Air o woik in he the Biblo justifies propel ly ill human mid lhal Slavery a divine with the of For this lie was charged before of ho us the of ft gle ami justification by the Bible Thu S} nod of on a regular finm the after a bearing ami long nnd investigation lhal he had and dangerous and him J after a whole pun sentence of the late Assembly to be null and void which vi us in a Mr for thai hich null can be of no binding force had the Assembly been the least c-d to remove fiom the chuich by the of discipline it would havu this But to reach and reverse this thai the transcended its in power over judicial nets of the Synod and put t false mat ng it the luie of action J he of sembly mi in with this In one of it is distinctly nre to be no new tests of have liern admitted lo and must not air upon the old pi of crime and the Thus and op- n tQ sustain as i vcr before in tlm of the chun h Tim sembly in case uf that it to suspend ft fur that is jet refused to send down an to to have ron 01 lhal poult by the uf hound by lliu lo lo in the of thy let the us it maj hf i institution he and a of Popery bly did so to iho Ui Us decision haven to a luid lhal S} nod of nati lo the is II have n statements o show that have itl of which we and have not nor for small ri atu our willi pale H c have ii iid lias been with us a anJ di U'e I'd leave Until 1 perseverance n pro air.i barest nail laken away all of cm IK hoped a b idy thai wil a ic Jly mid il m I be a communion nid w its h that il is a lint v e in stirn a lo lie under if oilier men sins in a if lias ions of human to chattels hut out fiom to u of f Lilt II us In 10 it and duty of is lo In- owy soul Kr I 10 you you Sc vi 5 Ki r man shall hu iiw 11 2 Cor 7 vin -1 5 J v H There is no duly mop i i the jd ihan li of withdraw ing fiom a corrupt reel non Kev 4 T Cor 11 LJ G nri ns Lord Jesus be The only v 11 liem ilh the Bible 11 Ii s- of Corruption a is To lhal H is to LMV e 011 upl you ar appeals to uu I e i U Bible nnd to i of are av..iie llint and appeal id to of Chiist and Luther that we with a i hurch thrust out Bui to peals we H to reply that -o far as the example of Christ i id for very it can never be a Wilt to Luther the
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