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Alta California (Newspaper) - December 22, 1849, San Francisco, California A WEEKLY If printed and published A San Upper C Saturday of each by GILBERT H X C R C J II Terms Subscription for one in 00 six 7 00 three 4 00 Single 25 Terms of Advertising For one square of 10 first 00 For every subsequent 2 00 Legal and Official Advertisements will be charged For each square of 10 lines or lees 96 00 second 3 All descriptions of Book and Job Printing at the Alta California office promptly and at reasonable rates ce on Washington Portsmouth Square ALTA CALIFORNIA SAN FRANCISCO DEC 1849 Political and Social can readily imagine bow rise is given to the multitude and variety of false conceptions and erroneous opinions which prevail in the states respecting California when we reflect upon the nay misfortune of her present social condition We doubt whether as we were ever called to witness a spectacle so and at the same time BO truly as in afforded here A State awaits but confirmation of her proud and powerful she has advanced in wealth and might as never before a country was physically the eyes of the world are upon she is the long lost and the pride of an invulnerable yet what is her condition socially blighted and unprocessed Her fertile fields are broad and surpassingly capable of her rivers are long and her harbors are not excelled by nny on the Pacific or Atlantic her climate is pure and and her gathering and busy people are prosperous and at peace What then is wanted to complete so fair a feature as the western domain of Freedom T Let its selfish and unsettled masses respond She has elected to become a and her chosen of the land are now assembled in her cap ital to found the glorious structure They not go for the precepts and teachings of wise statesmen and heroic warriors have kindled in their veins the enthusiastic fire of der and good government and they will rally round our with the guide which ca's bravest and best ensure those who would be until an organization is perfected and stands forth honorable alike to the and the parent and as imperishable and en- during as time itself But in the construction of a fabric pressing so numerously advantages combining strength and remains to cement still firmer the and without which indeed the work pre- sents neither nor and must appear repulsive in the eyes of the world 1 It is in the power of all nations to social compact is and a social system imperatively de- manded the elements of society must unite on the soil of California ere her s be a a pleasing or a truly proud and happy state When this shall be our acter as a people will be rescued from the stigma of incapacity and brand of and our be- loved country take a position among the racy of enlightened and wise States as the young and wealthy sister of the West Let us duce a it no fancy sketch Our neighbors of rural life and contentment in the fertile valley of the are evincing as strong indications of rapid advancement in cial welfare as in permanent political agricultural and commercial importance ever may be the destiny of and we cannot hope for the dawning of a brighter day on her social and moral until the ments of the husbandman shall have usurped the soil now being despoiled of its golden and yet left barren by the miner's pick and her destiny may be as a state suddenly possessed of opulence and her fair sister with a rapidly accruing in- broad cultivated and rivers floating the rich products of her soil to the to find its way to an immediate and immense presents a picture of genuine of true American growth to which ours is a sad and striking contrast But this is not the must be viewed as the home of the American where surrounded with the blessings which ty and peace can in the bosom of family VOL I SAN DECEMBER 1849 51 mont only the peace and security of a vast without the attendant blessings of a created out of the hearts of her We could long have as a com- munity without the restraint of law and found a self-protecting principle implanted in our very but if sound government would secure to an intelligent people the boon of perfect happi- it can only be when that people are firm in the bonds of social welfare Who of the vast army already on our whatever may be the circumstances inducing the does not deem the prolific soil which his feet now press deserving a better fute than seems destined to follow the calamitous event which first awakened his attention to Who docs not desire that her position as a tion of our Union may be less humiliating than the cold world has pronounced for her Each and whether they have come on a mission of or to seek a home in be they but American And who of the gathering sands yet to share the golden harvest and to re- plenish the purse or store the mind with in whose breast burns exalted does not believe a fraternization of sex and class upon her distant shores a consummation devoutly to be There is not one Must then this immense American one of the fairest gifts of land and water which nature ever designed for the the and the must it remain longer in this hapless worse than without law or without in a word must we forever remain an unaspiring and heartless people 7 It is with the present in- habitants of California as well as with those to come that decision remains Without extending this appeal let us hope that in the emigration of another year there will be found the elements of society to impart vigor and worth to the new State and that the care-dispelling Yankee word HOME will with frequent utterance charm the ear of the in this land of gold WOMAN thrice blessed and beautiful must with her ge- nial presence and ministering interweave a kindly influence in the progress of an ed and smiling fields of golden prove that our golden is not illusory shall a contented people the harrying of the bounteous lands now lying waste under Heaven's proving and so shall the political and cial progress of California be without a parallel on the face of the globe Private This term exists but in the name in this for such a thing is absolutely not for single gentlemen most particularly Scarcely an occupant of a apartment in the city that does not have a very large circle of friends who frequently drop in upon him and effect a lodgment for a night or so perfectly willing to put up for a night with an ordinary lodging boarding in such cases being always included However anxious a man may be to cultivate an extensive acquaintance he is not always exactly to be imbedded in friendship And of that character arc not always exactly acceptable in crowded particularly when one is afflicted with a little rheumatism Many an unhappy lessee of a room has caught the by giving up his bed to some of his and taking himself a shake down on the floor He might then well aing give me a cat in the valley I or think of any change for comforter The eries of a double bedded room have been by the ing half a dozen bodies laid out in one's ry will readily appear to the minds of all One does not like to say your room is more than your company as it smacks of and the first rudiments of politeness would prevent such a rudeness on the part of a or even a suggestion as to the locality of the door We arc led to make these few hasty remarks from a document which was handed us by our friend Hall of the Parker i defender of her not for a nor for an but for a life-time This relative view of tbe two American comprising the Pacific possessions of the is presented not with a desire to detract from the grandeur of the one to the of the but in the this is the second of sing upon a reflecting people the important which should stimulate st leart a with in behalf of the wil they improperly an if an earnest of expression not be obtained We conceive it a duty which the genius of onr imposes upon every American to look well to tbe tion of that character by our vaunted under the ennobling ences of he has been to breathe the air of and be his proudest hoaft that their virtues forth pre-eminent It w neither in the teachings nor in the and friends he becomes a citizen of her House It was found in a room recently routed by four young upon the wall be useful to other similarly wo find a place for it in our columns It reads as Kotler ATO OP THIS KOOX 1 tt room u occupied by fonr gentlemen 2d Not more than four will be incited to deep in either of ibc two in thic room at one time 3d If more I ban four or lew than ten be requeued to all tbe of wbo pay for the of deeping on the edge of tie bed will Dot be required to deep on tbe on to X tis No profane except in of or is tradition related by that when Noah planted the Satan attended and a a an ape and a sow animals were to the gradations briery When a man begins to he is meek and ignorant as the then becomes hold as the his courage is soon transformed into the prosper in a region socially be- foolishness of the wallows in an for ite j the nire like a Annexation of Canada The time is rapidly approaching when British North America will bear that title no when the people of those regions will throw off their allegiance to their sovereign and their national anthem of save the be replaced by the It needs no seer to tell and ho who predicts it cannot claim to be prophet The ple are the spirit of Republicanism has been by degrees into their hearts and they now pant for perfect Mild as may be tbe reign of Victoria it does not comport with tho spirit of the grasp that has for ages held the sceptre is daily growing more ble and the people are proclaiming their right to freedom In Canada the strongest de- sire exists to dissever the claim which has so connected it with the mother but there is no desire to procure a separation el armis if it can be It would seem that the mother country is not anxious to use any very excessive means to retain her colony or to prevent the discussion of independence on the part of her subjects Agitation has ced in and an address signed by three hundred of the most respectable citizens of a most and well written document has been circulated We make several extracts from the address Arguments are adduced pro and eon the various propositions which have been made by means of which the difficulties which have beset Canada may be healed and her They are The revival of Protection in the markets of the United The Protection of the Home A Federal Union of the British American 4th The Independence of the British North rican Colonies as a Federal Republic Reciprocal Free Trade with the United friendly and peaceful ration from the British and a union upon equitable terms with the great North rican Confederacy of the United The first five propositions the signers believed would be impracticable and and they give many and strong reasons therefor Tho Gth proposition they consider the only really effective way by which the prosperity of the tish Colonies can be made permanent In surveying the actual condition of the what but ruin or rapid decay meets the our provincial our banking and other securities greatly depreciated j our mercantile and tural interests alike real estate scarcely saleable upon any our unrivalled lakes and canals almost while commerce abandons our the circulating capital amassed under a more favorable system is with none from any quarter to re- place without an available unable to effect a loan with foreign or with the mother although offering rity greatly superior to that which readily ob- tains money both from the United States and Great when other than Colonists are the applicants and chocked in the full career of private and public this possession of the British country before the world in humiliating con- trast with its immediate exhibiting every symptom of a nation fast sinking in decay With superabundant and cheap especially in Lower we have yet no domestic nor can the roost unless under altered circumstances an- the home or advent from of either capital or enterprise to embark in this great source of national wealth Our have not that impress of manence which can alone impart and inspire and the Canadian market is too limited to tempt the foreign capitalist While the States are covered with a of thriving Canada but three which together scarcely ex- ceed 50 miles in and the stock in two of which is held at a depreciation of from 50 to 80 per fatal symptom of the torpor over- spreading the land Our present form of provincial government is brous and so expensive as to De ill-suited to the and the reference it with Canadian and somewhat indifferent to our interests is anomalous and irksome Yet in tbe event of a rupture between two of the most nations in the Canada would become the battle field and the however little her interests might be involved in the cause of quarrel or the issue of the contest The Vitter animosities of political parties and factions in often leading to and upon one to civil seem not to have abated with time nor is at the present any prospect of or dation The aspect of parties becomes daily more threatening towards each and under our existing institutions and little hope is discernible of and prosperous tration of our but difficulties will to all accumulate until government becomes impracticable In this view of our any course that may promise to efface existing party distinctions and place entirely new uones before the must be fraught with undeniable ad- vantages But other advantages than those having a ing on our material interests may he foretold It would change the ground of political contest be- tween races and allay and obliterate those of rancor and re- which have hitherto disfigured oar social fabric Already in harmonious influence been may U oa of a lasting oblivion of among all in the Changing a an pendent would take oar among the nations of the Wo have now no voice in the affairs of the nor do we shore in its honors or emoluments England is our Parent with whom wo have no but toward whom we stand in tho dimple relation of obedience But as citizens of the United States the public service of tho nation would be open to field of high and honorable tion on which we and our posterity might enter on terms of perfect equality Nor would the amicable separation of Canada from Great Britain he fraught with advantages to us alone The relief of the Parent State from the largo expenditure now incurred in the tary occupation of the removal of tho many of collision the United which result from the contiguity of tual territories so benefit of the larger market which the increasing prosperity of Canada would tire considerations in the minds of many of her render our incorporation with the United States a desirable consummation To the United States also the annexation of Stall of The struggle qf tho Hungarians for liberty excited the undivided attention and interest of and its so tho of has tho pathy for the oppressed inhabitants of who ruse and claimed the rights and of freedom Their struggle was an unequal though gallant and brilliant in the extreme Austria and Prussia pound down their columns of picked hemming her in on both she foil in tho good cause Wo tract tho columns of the N O tho following able and feeling article upon the sub- O righteous Freedom found n gravo slept tho omnipotent to iwre The sad brought by tho of tho full of and the complete subjugation of tho heroic will draw forth a bitter groan from every man in this Republic The pointment that is everywhere is rendered more poignant from the fact that the intelligence immediately preceding was of n character to fill every bosom with hope of tho ultimate triumph of tho Hungarians Up to our latest previous dates they had been running a career of success against the vile Imperial oven from the commencement of the campaign But the contest was an unequal one Against n fragment of the Austrian Empire was arrayed not only the whole of tho of its but the colossal power of with its unbounded resources of men and money While tho Hungarians had domestic tyrant only to contend they were and they would certainly have tho generous task of shattering to atoms Canada presents many important j the chains with which the degenerate The withdrawal from their borders of so powerful ant of Maria Theresa nought to bind their a by whom in time of the and growing commerce of the lakes would be ability to dispense with the costly but ineffectual revenue establishment over a frontier of many hundred largest accession to their income from our unrestricted use of the St the ral highway from the western states to tho are objects for the attainment of which tho most substantial equivalents would undoubtedly bo conceded An association has been formed in Montreal with branches throughout other sections of da for the dissemination of annexation principles throughout the whole of British North America A prize of has been offered for the best say on the lecturers are to be employed and various other measures taken If the nial Government permits these proceedings to be carried the influence which will be exercised will very soon and very materially be felt and the movement will ultimately prove completely Relief of and It is a fact well known to many of the citizens of San Francisco that there are con- stantly occurring among our floating cases of destitution and distress of a character re- quiring prompt in order that such relief may be and the citizens of San cisco having in a public meeting determined that it is a high and sacred duty devolving upon them to afford such relief as these cases may rily require and having appointed a committee to and carry out the intentions expressed at the public meeting that committee do adopt as a basis for the de- velopment of this public the following Constitution and ABT 1 title of the lion anil AHT 2 person who ahall con- tribute to the funds of this Association bo deemed a member of the game ART 3 consist of a four Vice a nnd with His Honor tbu Alcalde and the United States Collector of the Vice who shall compose u of Directors of the Association ART 5 The tho Association shall call public meetings and lay a statement of the fairs of the association tho public at any time may deem it expedient to du or at the request of ten members ART 6 The of and of which the Coroner and City Physicians shall be shall and disburse tho funds of the Association which tuny be to and it shall be their duty to grant relief at their in all cases which como to their knowledge without reference to tbe age or sect of the and this committee by each of its members shall keep a note book in which they ahall record all charities extended by them in the the association AHT 7 The President with any one of tho Vice and Secretary shall compose a board of auditors for all accounts of the association AKT 8 Officers when elected to hold their offices ring the pleasure of tbe and vacancies may be tilled at any public meeting 9 Persons to receive or donations to this association shall exhibit a certificate signed by tho President and Secretary Adopted in committee on Wednesday evening ber 1049 EDWIN President Secretary The committee appointed on Monday night an now asking donations and will report progress at the public meeting to bo held in Portsmouth square on at 2 P when a memorial on the of a permanent City Hospital will be and the association by tho election of officers EDWIN President Secretary Committee on of the A This public charity to bo organized under the i Public Association for the of Edmund Col J D Esq SAI Dee Understanding that Your Commit for the Reliefof poor ore asking donations from the citizens of this city to cany out your work of and knowing that most of the suffering among iis is witb the sick and I lender to yon nay for charitable al all times when not M D jt between Clay and Washington Accepted with tbe the Committee and ed to be in the proceedings OF THE HAWAIIAN We find the following census of the Hawaiian Islands in the Polynesian of the 10th 23.145 2.409 18.671 KB 412 725 628 47 limbs But when tho Autocrat of tously entered tho the Muscovite standards were Tumultuous horror o'er wrath to to man the struggle evidently became without thn aid or intervention of some other power to equi- poise tho additional weight on the thus thrown in by tho bully Nicholas We have scarcely language adequately to press the feeling of deep and with which wo contemplate tho unfortunate with continental prostrate before tho detestable coalition of the Jwo unprincipled despots One circum- stance in the abasement of tho gallant Hungarian nation consoles tho votary of and that the assurance that tho news of the triumph of the Imperialists will be received with a universal burst of execration throughout Europe Rut let Frauce look to This is tho first step toward the consummation of the destiny of the continent which was predicted by Napoleon on tho rock of Saint Helena within a bo either Republican or Cossack The culpable policy of Louis Napoleon nnd his their inexplicable apathy after the of Nicholas had which plainly showed his determination to wage a sade against the spirit of the further spread of free negatively aided in tho of tho Magyars The next step of tho Russian knight errant of legitimacy will bo a nearer approach to tho pre- sent success is already a vast stride toward that French liberty itself will be menaced It is lamentable to review the course of events which arc unfavorable to human but withstanding tho occasional checks which it re- wo have an abiding faith in tho march of and its sure and certain effect in ping tho foundations of despotism Nicholas and his horde of although successful for a will bo utterly powerless to turn back the tide of improvement and to restore for n the reign of absolutism As well may ho attempt to change the course of the or interrupt the ebb and flow of the For Kossuth and his illustrious colleagues in the task of regenerating their they have our warmest our deepest tion After being expelled from the remainder of the whole civilized world shall be their land where free to them shall bo left to They will bo welcomed by all u thers in the faith of champions who have fought the good although have fallen with more renown shall ever honor tho unholy coalition by which they have beca vanquished Oregon Incorporated By the which wo clip from the gon it would appear that our bors have no disposition to their in their aspiration for city charters and rights City late Legislative sembly revived the act of the provisional ment granting corporation rights to Oregon city Why is there no motion mado fur an election of and carrying the charter into It would surely contribute much to tho and improvement of the city are many evils which can be corrected in no other way For nothing short of an tive and vigilant police can prevent so much horse-racing along our streets If this practice is not soon the life of person will be tho forfeit And there is not a Sabbath that our worshiping assemblies are net grievously an- by the clattering of horses hoofs along tho We hope tho charter will not be to remain longer dormant Property in Oregon and C has been a great advance in the value of ty in the cities of tho Falls of the Willamette witnin a few months Real Estate has more than trebled in value this and the dency is still upward There have been a good many new buildings erected and the place is improving rapidly And though a large proportion of our population are gone to the gold 267 52 Total Forei 1 80641 children li 7.943 living with half 471 1.787 Total 28 128 Native Hilo w yet everything wean the appearance of active prosperity And the every where give good surance that our citizens are wing their dance of gold to good We had supposed that the on Main street WM constructed for the tion of those who wish to pan along the and especially for the of the But we have noticed on several that it was to completely occupied by groups of gentlemen that the ladies were obliged to go in- to the street to get along As the season is foreign 1 ncar at wo hope gentlemen will won quire tho habit of allowing tbe at the free use of the High 6 with 256 and common r are two Mrs 1 that should be at homo every evening at cows and B
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