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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 1, 1950, Abilene, Texas FAIR MILD Abilene WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT NO 161 Prat Af ABILENE TEXAS FRIDAY MORNING DECEMBER 1 1950 THIRTY-TWO PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS REDS INTEND TO WIPE US OUT PRICE DAILY SUNDAY lOe It's War of U S Survival Says Vet Back From Korea A C GREENE Korean dirt still to the shoes of Lt Jim Black He's that recent to the battlefield Black former announcer for dio Station nnd of Abilene Christian College is just 12 days away from what he thinks is America's most decisive battle They want what we have here right here in Jim said Thursday The Communists know what they are after They want our cars our wool our items of luxury which we think are bare essentials And they think they're pretty close to getting them They think they're nearer to their goal than they've ever been And I think they're right Jim Isn't speaking soldier and he isn't recruiting for the services Until Sept 16 less nan three i months ago he was chief an- and or tion in Lubbock and happy to Ue there Ten days later hr vras in Korea and not too overjoyed His mission was simple The Air Force in which he a re- serve commission handed Iim tape recorder and half a ton of other equipment and said Get the war How he did it was strictly up to Jim This is how he did It Landing at Kimpo Airfield Oct 1 he hitched a ride on a plane north Atrocities at wore reported and Jim thai was as important as anything ing at the time For a man just a fortnight from his slippers and pipe Wonsan wasn't easy to take First Jim was shown the apple orchard by ROK troops There in a ditch wove 400 Snath Korean prisoners shot rd and burned A hundred more were found among the trees retreating North Koreans in line them up before they killed them My first reaction was I was about to vomit 1 didn't think I could ever eal another meal The massacre had been started with hand grenades Survivors of tlie first round wore forced to join hands in groups of fire They bled into the ditch still with Mr arms around each other Gasoline was sprinkled on he bodies dead or alive and he remains were ineffectually fired In R nearby 300 more dead were found most of them down to the skulls Jim said the ROK commander in the area rlp the Wonsan townspeople walk through the school viewing the handiwork The third big group was cal prisoners who had been run into a cave wi re they hart been ned down The mouth of the cave was Urn dynamited It took five days to dig through fo the bodies You can imagine what it was like he said From Wonsan Jim had to beg beg his way over the peninsula Can J add a more to your plane he'd plead with a Black a driver in World War 11 took spells as pilot to pay for his passage on lols of ships Other times he moved by tank jeep donkey foot And everywhere he went he talked with mess sergeants generals marines black corporals and white officers When ed back it went down on tape was flown to states and broadcast all over the nation MsJ Gen Kim Pak If der of the ROK I Corps was of his interviewees general used a crude match to light his tigaret Jim gave him a lighter General Kim was so ed he presented Jim with a burp gun which the an carried the rest of ihr time CAME THE CHINESE When Red Chinese first en- countered U S troops the shock jolted clear back to Japan a hammer hitting a steel bar I was in Japan when we hit them Black said and I im- mediately picked recorder and a ride to Sinanju airstrip on the River The effect was terrific on troops Here they had just finished off one fighter in a hard and just as they were going to See BLACK pg 9 col 3 THIS IS A KILLER Lt Jim Black just home from Korea shows his wife son Bobby and daughter Mellisa Ann a burp gun a potent weapon in North Korean hands A South Korean general gave it to Black for a cigaret lighter That's a North rean flag on his wife's lap Kapus 8th Army Forms Defense Line North of Pyongyang OLD YALLER HOUND DOG Burleson He's Named Truman By ELIZABETH CARPENTER Correspondent WASHINGTON Nov 30 Mir der will Rep Omar Burleson of Anso hasn't said a word about it bu the new page History of Con gressmen reveals what no one i Washington has known or ed before Burleson's middle name Is Tru man The Congressman Is not relate to the President of the same As a matter of fact swears that he was fo Mobilization Speeded Up WASHINGTON Nov 30 Went Truman Thursday swift and mighty buildup o Air military men and his chief home Front aide said al elements of the civilian economy will be hurt Mr Truman told his news con- ference he will ask Congress im- mediately for large funds to ster the Army Navy and Air Force and to speed the work of the ic Energy Commission That work concerns the tion of atomic bombs and the de of he so-called gen hell bomb Chairman W Stuart Symington of the National Security Resources Board the impending speedup will mark a shift from light gray to dark gray mobilization It was he who said all civilian ments will feel the pinch Along with these developments the administration Congress a to set up a supreme civilian defense chief with unparalleled powers in the event of at- tack The introduced in he House by Hep Durham would all civil defense under a ian responsible only to the The would be to U S Civil Defense Corps to grant money aid to the states and to coordinate the civil defense ties of sucb federal agencies as the Depart incut of Defense and the Atomic Energy Commission At his press conference Mr man said the question of mobilization on the home front presumably including wage-price curbs on in- study a for an old houn dog which belonged lo his famil He takes great delight in tellin the story that his older had an old yaller hound dog fu of fleas but high in his who carried the name Truman When the new brother was he insisted on naming the bab after the beloved hound Omar Truman Burleson has kep the middle name obscure eve though Truman is a pretty goo name in Ibis town He has bee tempted to tell the President his kinship via a cur but ha never had the opportunity Whenever Rep Burleson talk with President Truman busy telling the Texas man o ils early days in World War when a Captain Dick Burleson wa his commanding officer Captain Burleson taught me low to cuss and the dent always recalls Maybe someday the two can get hrough with the am alk about the Trumans O TRUMAN BURLESON t once there was a Houn dog Homecoming Opens at A parade play bonfire and pep rally are on the homecoming slate at Hardin Simmons University day Festivities will be by the Texas Tech football gam at Fair Park stadium Saturday In the meanwhile Wreck Tech signs were being displayed all over campus as interest mounted for the traditional contest Rangers Thursday were gather ing wood for the bonfire which wil be staged at Friday night on the area just north of the housing More than 100 persons from Abi- lene accepted the invitation to sec the command performance of nha Psl Omega honorary Thursday night on the arena stage It will be repeated night for exes sion free Scenes from Regina are presented A parade downtown Is scheduled or 4 o'clock Officers of the ex student his year are Guy 27 Abilene president Fred Swank 32 Fort vice dent Mrs Jerry Mark 40 ene vice president Jim Jennings il Abilene vice president Mrs Scott 47 Abilene vice ent Mrs Toby Shackelford 41 bUene secretary and Rev W C 24 Abilene chaplain Invitations to the homecoming rere sent to more than exes lore than of hem are d to be In the stands for the game afternoon i TO DISCUSS KOREA Truman Attlee To Meet In U.S Midland o Dallas Church DALLAS Nov SO The Rev Hampton Hollowell of nd will become pastor of Oak iff Methodist Church about Jan 1 Hollowell pastor of the Midland rst Methodist Church since 1945 II succeed Dr W Harrison who becomes superintendent of e Dallas Methodist District COMMUNIST GUIDED controls and other now undt THE WEATHER rr f OF AND VICINITY Fair add ri No temperature to 85 low tonight Saturday WEST a warmer In the nnd Plains parity cloudy cloudy and warm sh st portion colder in north Saturday partly cloudy a few P M AO no I Phony Peace Plea's Aim Was Sabotage By FENDALL YERXA and OGDEN R REID The infamous Stockholm Peace Appeal a master sabotage stroke on the ideological front calculated to weaken nd disarm the West was planned and put across in the United States by the Communist party Secret files of the party itself testify that the Communist arch conspiracy not only lured sands of loyal Americans into signing the subversive Stockholm petition under false pretenses but also the maneuver with militant offensive and even plied some of the funds needed make it a success Peace on their terms is the present day Communist equivalent of Munich's peace in our with the same results of disastrous Western World's and threaten it with collapse Similar results arc sought here at home The Communists seek to build up such revulsion to atomic bombs as to make it politically impossible to use them thus America's most potent pon They seek o withdraw public support from military ness too ihp whole at- of fhe to one of isolationism which leave the world defenseless At thp same lime the Russians re main uncommitted lo direct action for peace continue huge ament buildup their large atomic program ROOS unchecked and to blunt the swords of any who would stand in their way Directives and reports to the leadership in the this time in the face of red fascism Slates fhe program underestimated by Stalo Department as it farre Ils objectives Have ils in his ready been attained ami uie of of th suits Recent from Europe ominously relate that They how political pressures from fnr n for have Please See REDS pact 2 single WASHINGTON Nov 30 WI President Truman and Prime min ister Clement Attlee of Britain will meet here soon probably this week end to discuss the Korean crisis in 80 emergency conference denly requested by Attlee A White House announcement said Attlee wants to about the Korean other Presumably these will include the which much has been leard in Britain there my chance of negotiating with Russia to settle crucial world of a great new war Attlee lisp wants to give the President his views on the ion whether to use the atomic romb in the Korean fighting The leader told the House of Commons Thursday that such a decision should not be made iut fullest prior consultation with United Nations members directly concerned in the Korean struggle aggression broke the first news of the in a speech In Com- Thursday night and his an- was greeted with heers Shortly afterward tlie press secretary Charles Eoss laid st the White The Prime Minister is coming Use Considered WASHINGTON Nov 30 W President Truman said Thursday the United States will fight on lii Korea with every means at its dis- posal including the atom bomb if necessary to keep Red sion from spreading to American shores With exasperated air of a man near the limit of patience Mr this country has made every possible effort to head off a third world war HP said these efforts will ue and he hopes they will succeed But he declared In statement that fighting In Korea for our own national ty and and he told a tense crowded news conference we w ill use every weapon that Is ed U S Casualties Total WASHINGTON Nov 30 Tola announced American casualties It the Korea war mounted to Thursday A single week's comlja added lo the list Tile Defense Department's sum of U S losses included al casualties where the next of kin had been notified Nov 24 some cases there is a lag several weeks before the death wounding or capture of a service man can be verified and relatives notified The list showed 5.307 deaths 11 214 wounded and an overall iota of missing In the latter cate have lo be dead but are under both dead and missing Actually the current missing US totals after allowing for four known dead 546 who have re turned to United Nations control and 107 known to be the hands of the enemy The with far the largest Himber of men committed Jo Attlee told the House he lion sustained the casual over He got in touch with the President through the State ment and indicated he would like to come over soon to talk about Korean and other problems The President sent back vord through State Department that he would be very happy for Mr Atlee to come over at his convenience The meeting was arranged so suddenly that the exact time of the conference was not ately determined but said he expects to learn Friday when lee will arrive Ross indicated the Prime Minister's message to the President had arrived only day afternoon ed it essential in matters of such importance as those now con- fronting the two that the written word shall be of whom were dead The Marine Corps was including 725 dead the Navy 328 as far as possible with including 50 dead and the sonal contact Force 244 including 90 dead Air NO CHRISTMAS FOR KIDS Thai Telegram Came Missing Abilene Soldier Slain in Korea 24th Infantry Eludes Red Trap By SEOUL Friday Dec 1 bulk of the U S Eighth Army today set up a new defense line in west Korea 30 miles north of Pyongyang against pursuing Chinese Communists The last U S outfit elements of the 24th Infantry Division had eluded a trap 20 miles to the north by pulling back across the icy River In Northeast Korea more thousands of Chinese Reds ped traps on U S soldiers and Marines in the reservoir area The Americans fought back hard in efforts m i to break out to clear road Soviet Veto Kills Demand To Red China The By BOB COOKE long long wait ended That includes the the President said atom bomb And thus he touched off a flurry of confusion that didn't end until the White House three hours er issued a statement the use of the bomb has not been so far and the President's comments do not represent any change in I Mr Truman said and in answer to questions hurled hy some of the 208 reporters present that the use of the in Korea always has heen under Asked if the use of would depend on United Nations the President said no he didn't mean that at all He said he military commander in the field Gen Douglas will have charge of using all ons as he always has The While House made clear however thai has noi heen empowered to he A-bomb By the in only President can home the of the atom bomb no nich authorization has hern p m Wednesday for Mrs M M Johnson her three tiny sons and her father J A Dwyer at their modest home 3209 Orange St A messenger boy delivered a egram at that hour from he De- of Defense which con firmed her fear that her husband Mclvin M Johnson had been killed in action Early in August Mrs Johnson been informed by the War Department that Johnson bad been missing in action in since July 27 Since then it fins been ft lone wait for the gram which arrived Wednesday It was the information which the mother of three boys ranging In ages from S to 7 had hut expected I've had n ever shire fhat first telegram that wouldn't come home alive again I've tried not o Jet my sons nor my father know how I felt The hoys kept hoping hat Daddy would be home for Christmas Somehow word concerning son arrived on or near major dutes the family's calendar Three Besides Che widow and three sons Melvin II 7 years old Joe T 4 and Marvin J 3 other Include his father W T Johnson of Breckenridge only brother William C two sisters Mrs Joe Harris and Mrs Sadie Christmas both of West Lake La Johnson was awarded the Bronze Star In 1945 for heroic achievement in action Dec 19 1944 near France It won't be too merry in the Johnson home this Christmas the mother said We plan to go on living here Neither father nor I ever go back to thai cold winter climate of she said now I don't know 1 shall do hut and LAKE SUCCESS Nov 30 Soviet Veto Thursday killed a power demand In he Security Council for the Chinese nist troops to withdraw from the battle The Western powers are o press for quick U N action gainst the Chinese Reds In the General Assembly under U S Secretary of State Dean son s plan U said fne Assembly probably be asked to act on Monday There was some U N officials whether the veto cast Thursday by Jacob A Malik was Russia's or Some authorities said that Malik cast three separate vetoes by voting against the two sections of the resolution and then voting against the entire proposal Others argue that the vote against the measure as a whole was the one that ed Before voting on tin resolution the Council rejected a Chinese nist demand for U S troops to withdraw from Korea and sa Russia cast the favorable Nine were against India did not participate plan empowers he General Assembly to recommend hat nations contribute ighting forces to hall aggression iut it remained to be seen whether supply blocks on their main An abrupt lull to Northwest rea enabled Americans Turks British and South Koreans of Eighth Army to organize a new defense line running cast and west through 20 miles south of River Sunchon ii 30 miles north of Pyongyang tha former North Korean capital One of the 14 Chinese In action in the northwest was ob- served by airmen moving ward near 11 miles north of Sunchon Escaping elements still moving south from the One the Ninth Regiment of 1 S Second Division had to fight is way through a Communist block The British Commonwealth Middlesex Battalion battled nese east of the escape road ng the elements to move south Then the battalion pulled back to the new defense line The U S Cavalry sion deployed north and east of Sunchon seeking tc prevent the Reds from turning that flank of the new line A Red smash through that same east flank last day night at had forced the Eighth Army to retreat than 40 miles Some Cavalry elements IS miles southeast of Sunchon but still 30 miles from Pyongyang ed they were under Communist small arms fire at pre- by guerrillas Maj Gen Edward M Almond commander of the U S 10th Corps said the fresh Red drive at the northeast front was powered by probably eight to 10 divisions including elements of three lese armies This would be possibly 100 men The umash sent days before the Johnso would have observed ninth wedding anniversary she was advised he was Then Wednesday's telegram rame on day that the sons youngest son Marvin J his third birthday Johnson had loss than two years of active duty in the Army bomb he would have been eligible to i lire When hostilities in Korea broke out and he was ordered first to Japan then into action in rea he had been looking forward to his retirement The couple was married at Ft Devens Mass where he was in 1041 Slw uas the former Maty Louise Dwver of When he returned from he brought his wife and her father 1 A Dwyer lo Abilene Here he the home on Street and tile planned to alter Ins ir THEIR WONT BE HOME FOR CHRISTMAS and Mrs M M Johnson 3209 had U h looking forward to maybe a visit from father this Christmas But Sgt Johns or any Christmas The Department of Defense noti husband had been killed in action in Korea July 24 This and Marvin 1 3 left to was ma do a before in It made to send it o their lather in won't be home for ied Mrs Johnson that her e of II Joe T 4 Johnson was reported
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